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Epilepsia. 2015 Dec;56(12):1890-8. doi: 10.1111/epi.13212. Epub 2015 Oct 16.

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, parallel-group study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive brivaracetam in adult patients with uncontrolled partial-onset seizures.

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Mid-Atlantic Epilepsy and Sleep Center, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.
UCB Pharma, Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.A.
Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Bethel Epilepsy Centre, Mara Hospital, Bielefeld, Germany.
University of Melbourne and Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.



Brivaracetam (BRV), a selective and high-affinity synaptic vesicle protein 2A ligand, is in development as adjunctive treatment for partial-onset (focal) seizures (POS). This phase 3 study (N01358; NCT01261325) aimed to confirm the efficacy and safety/tolerability of BRV in adults (≥ 16-80 years) with POS.


This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study enrolled patients with uncontrolled POS despite ongoing treatment with 1-2 antiepileptic drugs. Patients exposed to levetiracetam ≤ 90 days before visit 1 were excluded. Patients entered an 8-week prospective baseline period, followed by a 12-week treatment period when they were randomized 1:1:1 to placebo (PBO), BRV 100 mg/day, or BRV 200 mg/day, started without up-titration. The co-primary efficacy outcomes were percent reduction over placebo in 28-day adjusted POS frequency, and ≥ 50% responder rate based on percent reduction in POS frequency from baseline to the treatment period.


Seven hundred sixty-eight patients were randomized; 760 were included in the efficacy analysis: 259, 252, and 249 in PBO, BRV 100 mg/day, and BRV 200 mg/day groups, respectively. Percent reduction over PBO in 28-day adjusted seizure frequency (95% confidence interval [CI]) was 22.8% for BRV 100 mg/day (13.3-31.2%; p < 0.001) and 23.2% for BRV 200 mg/day (13.8-31.6%; p < 0.001). The ≥ 50% responder rate (odds ratio vs. PBO; 95% CI) was 21.6% for PBO, 38.9% for BRV 100 mg/day (2.39; 1.6-3.6; p < 0.001), and 37.8% for BRV 200 mg/day (2.19; 1.5-3.3; p < 0.001). Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) occurred in 155 (59.4%) of 261 PBO patients versus 340 (67.6%) of 503 BRV-treated patients (safety population). Discontinuation rates due to TEAEs were 3.8%, 8.3%, and 6.8% for PBO, BRV 100 mg/day, and BRV 200 mg/day, respectively. Most frequent TEAEs (PBO versus BRV) were somnolence (7.7% vs. 18.1%), dizziness (5.0% vs. 12.3%), and fatigue (3.8% vs. 9.5%).


Adjunctive BRV 100 and 200 mg/day was efficacious in reducing POS in adults without concomitant levetiracetam use and was well tolerated.


Brivaracetam; Efficacy; Focal epilepsy; Partial-onset seizures; Phase 3; Safety/tolerability

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