Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Crohns Colitis. 2016 Jan;10(1):61-8. doi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjv188. Epub 2015 Oct 13.

Azathioprine-induced Acute Pancreatitis in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases--A Prospective Study on Incidence and Severity.

Author information

1
Internistische Gemeinschaftspraxis Leipzig Germany teich@igvs.de.
2
Gemeinschaftspraxis - Endoskopiezentrum Saarbrücken Germany.
3
Gastroenterologische Schwerpunktpraxis Minden Germany.
4
Praxis Eschweiler Germany.
5
Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein Lübeck Germany.
6
Magen-Darm-Zentrum, Internistische Kooperation Eppendorf Hamburg Germany.
7
Gastroenterologische Gemeinschaftspraxis Herne Germany.
8
Städtisches Klinikum, Lüneburg, Germany.
9
Internistische Gemeinschaftspraxis Leipzig Germany.
10
Evangelisches Krankenhaus Kalk Köln Germany.
11
Charité, Berlin, Germany.
12
Internistische Praxengemeinschaft Oldenburg Germany.
13
Gastroenterologische Gemeinschaftspraxis Koblenz Germany.
14
Universität Münster Germany.
15
Universitätsklinikum, Jena, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Azathioprine [AZA] is recommended for maintenance of steroid-free remission in inflammatory bowel disease IBD. The aim of this study has been to establish the incidence and severity of AZA-induced pancreatitis, an idiosyncratic and major side effect, and to identify specific risk factors.

METHODS:

We studied 510 IBD patients [338 Crohn's disease, 157 ulcerative colitis, 15 indeterminate colitis] with initiation of AZA treatment in a prospective multicentre registry study. Acute pancreatitis was diagnosed in accordance with international guidelines.

RESULTS:

AZA was continued by 324 [63.5%] and stopped by 186 [36.5%] patients. The most common cause of discontinuation was nausea [12.2%]. AZA-induced pancreatitis occurred in 37 patients [7.3%]. Of these: 43% were hospitalised with a median inpatient time period of 5 days; 10% had peripancreatic fluid collections; 24% had vomiting; and 14% had fever. No patient had to undergo nonsurgical or surgical interventions. Smoking was the strongest risk factor for AZA-induced acute pancreatitis [p < 0.0002] in univariate and multivariate analyses.

CONCLUSIONS:

AZA-induced acute pancreatitis is a common adverse event in IBD patients, but in this study had a mild course in all patients. Smoking is the most important risk factor.

KEYWORDS:

Azathioprine; Crohn’s disease; inflammatory bowel disease; lipase; pancreatitis; smoking; ulcerative colitis

PMID:
26468141
PMCID:
PMC4692264
DOI:
10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjv188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center