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Pharmacol Ther. 1989;40(3):349-71.

Enhancement of 5-fluorouracil's anticancer activity by dipyridamole.

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1
Division of Cancer Treatment, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland.

Abstract

Although the interaction between FUra and DP in HCT 116 cells is fairly complex, data from other investigators indicate that in cell lines in which inhibition of TS is growth limiting at relatively low concentrations of fluoropyrimidines, DP appears to augment the cytotoxicity of FUra and FdUrd by blocking the salvage of dThd (Miller et al., 1987; Schwartz et al., 1987). The previous in vitro data regarding the ability of DP to modulate the toxicity of fluoropyrimidines was obtained in exponentially growing cells. An additional observation that warrants consideration is a report that the inhibition of nucleoside incorporation by DP changed as a function of time in culture (Zhen et al., 1986). Hepatoma 3924A cells in lag and log phase were highly sensitive to DP with IC50 values for dThd incorporation of 0.2 and 0.32 microM, respectively. In contrast, stationary phase cells were insensitive to DP (IC50 = 38.9 microM). Amphotericin B, an antifungal agent which perturbs cell membranes, restored the sensitivity to DP in stationary cells. Several investigators have presented information on the effect of DP on fluoropyrimidines in normal tissues. Lee and Park (1987) examined the effect of DP on FUra and MTX toxicity in a soft-agar cloning assay against two human cancer cell lines and on pooled normal human bone marrow (CFU-C). DP (1 microM) potentiated the action of both MTX (0.1 microM) and FUra (5 microM) on Hep-2 (epidermoid carcinoma), MCF-7 (breast carcinoma) and CFU-C in medium supplemented with either non-dialyzed or dialyzed serum. Woodcock et al. (1987) incubated gallbladder mucosa, obtained from patients undergoing elective surgery for cholelithiasis, with control medium or varying concentrations of DP for 1 hr, and then exposed the mucosal cells to 2.5 microCi [3H]-FdUrd (2.5 microM). After 1 hr, the uptake of FdUrd into the tissue was inhibited to 49% and 42% of control by 0.1 microM and 1 microM, respectively.

PMID:
2646650
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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