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Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;253(12):2239-46. doi: 10.1007/s00417-015-3174-0. Epub 2015 Oct 13.

Clinical and genetic findings in a family with NMNAT1-associated Leber congenital amaurosis: case report and review of the literature.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Str.9, D-50931, Cologne, Germany. a.schild@gmx.de.
2
Institute of Human Genetics, Ulm University, 89081, Ulm, Germany.
3
Institute of Human Genetics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.
4
Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital Cologne, 50931, Cologne, Germany.
5
Cologne Center for Genomics, University of Cologne, 50931, Cologne, Germany.
6
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Str.9, D-50931, Cologne, Germany.
7
Institute of Human Genetics, University Hospital Cologne, 50931, Cologne, Germany.
8
University of Cologne, Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), 50931, Cologne, Germany.
9
Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), University of Cologne, 50931, Cologne, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a severe retinal dystrophy, typically manifesting in the first year of life. Mutations in more than 18 genes have been reported to date. In recent studies, biallelic mutations in NMNAT1 encoding nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase 1 have been found to cause LCA.

PURPOSE:

To broaden the knowledge regarding the phenotype of NMNAT1-associated LCA.

METHODS:

Clinical ophthalmologic examinations were performed in two sisters with LCA. Whole exome sequencing was performed in one of the affected girls, with subsequent segregation analysis in the affected sister and unaffected parents. The literature was reviewed for reports of NMNAT1-associated LCA.

RESULTS:

Exome sequencing revealed the known NMNAT1 mutation c.25G>A (p.Val9Met) in a homozygous state. Segregation analysis showed the same homozygous mutation in the affected younger sister. Both parents were found to be heterozygous carriers of the mutation. The two girls both presented with severe visual impairment, nystagmus, central atrophy of the pigment epithelium, and pigment clumping in the periphery before the age of 6 months. Retinal vessels were attenuated. Both children were hyperopic. In the older sister, differential diagnosis included an inflammatory origin, but electrophysiology in her as well as her sister confirmed a diagnosis of LCA. Pallor of the optic nerve head was not present at birth but developed progressively.

CONCLUSIONS:

We confirmed a diagnosis of NMNAT1-associated LCA in two siblings through identification of the mutation (c.25G>A [p. Val9Met]) in a homozygous state. In infants with non-detectable electroretinogram (ERG), along with severe congenital visual dysfunction or blindness and central pigment epithelium atrophy with pigment clumping resembling scarring due to chorioretinitis, LCA due to NMNAT1 mutations should be considered.

KEYWORDS:

LCA; Macular atrophy; NMNAT1; Whole exome sequencing

PMID:
26464178
DOI:
10.1007/s00417-015-3174-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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