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Mol Nutr Food Res. 2016 Jan;60(1):212-22. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201500587. Epub 2015 Nov 9.

Allium vegetables and upper aerodigestive tract cancers: a meta-analysis of observational studies.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.
2
Department of Epidemiology, IRCCS - Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

SCOPE:

To provide updated quantitative overall estimations of the relation between total allium, garlic, and onion intake on the risk of cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We combined data of published observational studies (21 case-control and four cohort studies), using a meta-analytic approach and random effects models. The overall relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the squamous cell carcinoma of the UADT were 0.79 (95% CI 0.56-1.11) for total allium, 0.74 (95% CI 0.57-0.95) for garlic, and 0.72 (95% CI 0.57-0.91) for onion for the highest versus the lowest consumption. The inverse relation was apparently stronger in case-control studies (RR 0.56, 95% CI 0.38-0.83 for total allium), in Chinese studies (RR 0.67, 95% CI 0.45-0.98 for garlic intake), and for esophageal than for head and neck cancers. Apparently, there was no relation between allium vegetable intake and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.

CONCLUSION:

We found a moderate inverse association between allium vegetable intake and the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the UADT in case-control studies. The relation was unclear in cohort studies and for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.

KEYWORDS:

Allium vegetables; Diet; Epidemiology; Squamous cell carcinoma; Upper aerodigestive tract cancer

PMID:
26464065
DOI:
10.1002/mnfr.201500587
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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