Send to

Choose Destination
Pediatr Clin North Am. 2015 Dec;62(6):1493-507. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2015.07.014. Epub 2015 Sep 7.

Breast Milk and Food Allergy: Connections and Current Recommendations.

Author information

University of Virginia, PO Box 801355, 409 Lane Road MR-4 Building, Room 5051, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.
University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, 3300 Thurston Building, CB 7280, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7280, USA. Electronic address:


Breast milk, a living source of nutrition for babies, complements a baby's immune system, supplementing undeveloped defenses with immune factors while creating the foundation for the innate and adaptive immune systems. Such immune development includes tolerance of the environment and, in the case of food allergy, a lack of tolerance. Recent research questions the previous opinion that breast milk is protective against food allergy. This article reviews the immature immune system, the immunology and nutrition of breast milk, the literature exploring breast milk and food allergy, and the current recommendations regarding breast milk and the prevention of food allergy.


Breast feed; Breast milk; Food allergy; Newborn immune system

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center