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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2015 Dec;62(6):1393-408. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2015.07.009. Epub 2015 Sep 7.

Diagnosis of Food Allergy.

Author information

1
Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Sean N Parker Center for Allergy Research, Stanford University, Stanford University School of Medicine, 269 Campus Drive, CCSR 3215, MC 5366, Stanford, CA 94305-5101, USA. Electronic address: schinths@stanford.edu.
2
Sean N Parker Center for Allergy Research, Stanford University, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1291 Welch Road, Grant Building S303, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
3
Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, 225 East Chicago Avenue Box 60, Chicago, IL, USA.
4
Sean N Parker Center for Allergy Research, Stanford University, 2500 Grant Road, PEC, 4th Floor Tower C, Mountain View, CA 94040, USA.
5
Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Sean N Parker Center for Allergy Research, Stanford University, Stanford University School of Medicine, 269 Campus Drive, CCSR 3215, MC 5366, Stanford, CA 94305-5101, USA.
6
Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 240 East Huron Street, M-317, McGaw Pavilion, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

Abstract

The prevalence of food allergies has been on the increase over the last 2 decades. Diagnosing food allergies can be complicated, as there are multiple types that have distinct clinical and immunologic features. Food allergies are broadly classified into immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated, non-IgE-mediated, or mixed food allergic reactions. This review focuses on the clinical manifestations of the different categories of food allergies and the different tests available to guide the clinician toward an accurate diagnosis.

KEYWORDS:

Component testing; Elimination diets; Food allergy; IgE-mediated; Non–IgE-mediated; Oral food challenge; Skin-prick testing

PMID:
26456439
PMCID:
PMC5316471
DOI:
10.1016/j.pcl.2015.07.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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