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Neuromuscul Disord. 2015 Dec;25(12):952-4. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2015.09.010. Epub 2015 Sep 25.

Alpha-sarcoglycanopathy presenting as exercise intolerance and rhabdomyolysis in two adults.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University Children's Hospital, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8N 3Z5. Electronic address: tarnopol@mcmaster.ca.
2
Children's National Medical Center, Research Center for Genetic Medicine, 111 Michigan Ave, Washington, DC 20010, USA.
3
Medical Neurogenetics, LLC, Atlanta, Georgia 30338, USA; Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
4
Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University Children's Hospital, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8N 3Z5.

Abstract

Two patients with exercise-induced myalgias and rhabdomyolysis with myoglobinuria were evaluated with muscle biopsy and comprehensive myopathy next generation sequencing (NGS) gene panels. Genetic analysis revealed homozygosity for two known pathogenic SGCA mutations (R284C in Patient 1 and V247M in Patient 2). Muscle biopsy showed minimal changes with normal immunohistochemistry for α-sarcoglycan. Western blotting showed 27% and 35% of normal α-sarcoglycan immunoreactivity when compared to age matched controls, confirming the diagnosis of α-sarcoglycanopathy in both patients. The sarcoglycan genes should be added to the differential diagnosis for cases that present with rhabdomyolysis, exercise intolerance, and hyperCKemia, even in the absence of muscle weakness or normal α-sarcoglycan immunohistochemistry. Work-up of patients with these types of non-specific presentation may be best facilitated through the use of non-specific NGS myopathy panels.

KEYWORDS:

Alpha-sarcoglycanopathy; Exercise intolerance; Rhabdomyolysis; SGCA; Sarcoglycan; Sarcoglycanopathy; hyperCKemia

PMID:
26453141
DOI:
10.1016/j.nmd.2015.09.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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