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Surgery. 2016 Jan;159(1):311-8. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2015.05.042. Epub 2015 Oct 6.

Resection of primary tumor site is associated with prolonged survival in metastatic nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

Author information

1
Endocrine Oncology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.
2
Biostatistics and Data Management Section, Office of the Clinical Director, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.
3
Endocrine Oncology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: kebebewe@mail.nih.gov.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NFpNET) present with distant metastases in up to 50% of patients. It is unknown whether removal of the primary tumor in patients with NFpNET and metastases is beneficial.

METHODS:

We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to identify patients with NFpNET and distant metastases. The primary outcome measure in this study was overall survival.

RESULTS:

We identified 882 patients with metastatic NFpNET who had survival data; 303 (34%) patients had operative removal of their primary tumor of which 243 (80%) were grade I or II. Median survival of patients undergoing resection of the primary site was 65 (95% confidence interval 60-86) versus 10 (8-12) months for those without resection (P < .0001). Patients diagnosed after 2003 (n = 625, 71%) were more likely to undergo an operation than those diagnosed earlier (P = .001). Multivariable analysis showed that a lesser tumor grade (P < .0001), younger age (P < .0001), diagnosis during or after 2003 (P = .0003), tumor site in the body/tail (P = .009), and operative resection of the primary tumor site (P < .0001) were associated with prolonged survival of patients with NFpNET and distant metastases.

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that resection of the site of the primary NFpNET is associated with greater survival in patients with distant metastases and could therefore be considered as a additional treatment option in this patient population.

Comment in

PMID:
26453135
PMCID:
PMC4688058
DOI:
10.1016/j.surg.2015.05.042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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