Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Environ Health Rep. 2015 Dec;2(4):423-9. doi: 10.1007/s40572-015-0072-x.

Particulate Matter from Electronic Cigarettes and Conventional Cigarettes: a Systematic Review and Observational Study.

Fernández E1,2,3, Ballbè M4,5,6, Sureda X7,8,9, Fu M10,11,12, Saltó E13,14,15, Martínez-Sánchez JM16,17,18.

Author information

1
Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Institut Català d'Oncologia, WHO Collaborating Center for Tobacco Control, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. efernandez@iconcologia.net.
2
Cancer Prevention and Control Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. efernandez@iconcologia.net.
3
School of Medicine, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. efernandez@iconcologia.net.
4
Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Institut Català d'Oncologia, WHO Collaborating Center for Tobacco Control, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. mballbe@iconcologia.net.
5
Cancer Prevention and Control Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. mballbe@iconcologia.net.
6
Addictions Unit, Institute of Neurosciences, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. mballbe@iconcologia.net.
7
Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Institut Català d'Oncologia, WHO Collaborating Center for Tobacco Control, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. xisca.sureda@gmail.com.
8
Cancer Prevention and Control Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. xisca.sureda@gmail.com.
9
Department of Preventive Medicine, Universidad de Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Spain. xisca.sureda@gmail.com.
10
Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Institut Català d'Oncologia, WHO Collaborating Center for Tobacco Control, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. mfu@iconcologia.net.
11
Cancer Prevention and Control Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. mfu@iconcologia.net.
12
School of Medicine, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. mfu@iconcologia.net.
13
Cancer Prevention and Control Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. esteve.salto@gencat.cat.
14
School of Medicine, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. esteve.salto@gencat.cat.
15
Health Plan Directorate, Ministry of Health, Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain. esteve.salto@gencat.cat.
16
Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Institut Català d'Oncologia, WHO Collaborating Center for Tobacco Control, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. jmmartinez@iconcologia.nets.
17
Cancer Prevention and Control Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. jmmartinez@iconcologia.nets.
18
Biostatistics Unit, Department of Basic Sciences, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain. jmmartinez@iconcologia.nets.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study is to review the literature on the composition of aerosols from electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) originated by human vaping and to describe the emission of particulate matter ≤ 2.5 μm in diameter (PM(2.5)) from conventional and e-cigarettes at home in real-use conditions.

METHODS:

We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed and Web of Science. We measured PM(2.5) in four different homes: one from a conventional cigarette smoker, one from an e-cigarette user, and two from non-smokers.

RESULTS:

The review identified eight previous investigations on the composition of aerosols from e-cigarettes originated by human vaping and indicated that emissions from e-cigarettes can contain potential toxic compounds such as nicotine, carbonyls, metals, and organic volatile compounds, besides particulate matter. In the observational study, the PM(2.5) median concentration was 9.88 μg/m³ in the e-cigarette user home and 9.53 and 9.36 μg/m³ in the smoke-free homes, with PM(2.5) peaks concurrent with the e-cigarette puffs.

CONCLUSION:

Both the literature review and the observational study indicate that e-cigarettes used under real-conditions emit toxicants, including PM(2.5). Further research is needed to characterize the chemicals emitted by different types of e-cigarettes and to assess secondhand exposure to e-cigarette aerosol using biological markers.

KEYWORDS:

E-cigarette; Electronic cigarette; Electronic nicotine delivery system; Particulate matter; Tobacco smoke pollution

PMID:
26452675
DOI:
10.1007/s40572-015-0072-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center