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Telemed J E Health. 2016 May;22(5):385-94. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2015.0128. Epub 2015 Oct 9.

The Development and Refinement of an e-Health Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Parents to Prevent Childhood Obesity in Primary Care.

Author information

1
1 Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta , Edmonton, Alberta, Canada .
2
2 Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta , Edmonton, Alberta, Canada .
3
3 School of Public Health, University of Alberta , Edmonton, Alberta, Canada .
4
4 Evolution Health Systems Inc., Toronto, Ontario, Canada .
5
5 Business School, University of Reading, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom .
6
6 Department of Medicine, University of Alberta , Edmonton, Alberta, Canada .
7
7 Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta , Edmonton, Alberta, Canada .
8
8 Public Health and Wellness Branch , Health Services Division, Ministry of Health, Government of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada .
9
9 Pediatric Centre for Weight and Health, Stollery Children's Hospital , Edmonton, Alberta, Canada .

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nearly one-third of Canadian children can be categorized as overweight or obese. There is a growing interest in applying e-health approaches to prevent unhealthy weight gain in children, especially in settings that families access regularly. Our objective was to develop and refine an e-health screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for parents to help prevent childhood obesity in primary care.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Our SBIRT, titled the Resource Information Program for Parents on Lifestyle and Education (RIPPLE), was developed by our research team and an e-health intervention development company. RIPPLE was based on existing SBIRT models and contemporary literature on children's lifestyle behaviors. Refinements to RIPPLE were guided by feedback from five focus groups (6-10 participants per group) that documented perceptions of the SBIRT by participants (healthcare professionals [n = 20], parents [n = 10], and researchers and graduate trainees [n = 8]). Focus group commentaries were transcribed in real time using a court reporter. Data were analyzed thematically.

RESULTS:

Participants viewed RIPPLE as a practical, well-designed, and novel tool to facilitate the prevention of childhood obesity in primary care. However, they also perceived that RIPPLE may elicit negative reactions from some parents and suggested improvements to specific elements (e.g., weight-related terms).

CONCLUSIONS:

RIPPLE may enhance parents' awareness of children's weight status and motivation to change their children's lifestyle behaviors but should be improved prior to implementation. Findings from this research directly informed revisions to our SBIRT, which will undergo preliminary testing in a randomized controlled trial.

KEYWORDS:

behavioral health; e-health; education; pediatrics

PMID:
26451901
DOI:
10.1089/tmj.2015.0128
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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