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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1989;28(2):116-22.

Induction of tumoricidal macrophages from bone marrow cells of normal mice or mice bearing a colony-stimulating-factor-producing tumor.

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Third Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.


Nonadherent cells of the bone marrow of C3H/HeN mice were incubated for 3 days with the culture supernatant of an L-929 cell line containing macrophage-colony-stimulating factor. Approximately, 70% of the cells became phagocytic, adherent to plastic dishes and positive for nonspecific esterase staining. The adherent cells exhibited a weak tumoricidal activity against syngeneic mammary carcinoma cells, and the cytotoxicity was strongly augmented by the addition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide to the cytotoxicity assay. The cytotoxicity induced by lipopolysaccharide was also shown to be mediated by Thy1.2- and asialo-GM1+ cells, and was abrogated by the addition of carrageenan. Macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-producing (D66) and nonproducing (A23) variants were separated from the MM48 tumor line in in vitro culture following limiting dilution. There was no difference between these two variants in either the in vitro growth rate or the susceptibility to macrophage-mediated cytotoxicity. C3H/HeN mice inoculated i.p. with D66 survived longer than did those inoculated i.p. with A23. C3H/HeN mice bearing D66 or A23 as an ascitic form were given i.p. injections of Nocardia rubra cell wall skeleton (N-CWS). N-CWS significantly prolonged the survival period of mice bearing D66, whereas it exhibited no apparent antitumor effect on mice bearing A23. The increase in the cell number of D66 in the peritoneal cavity was significantly retarded, compared with that of A23. In contrast, the number of peritoneal macrophages increased more in D66-bearing mice than in A23-bearing mice. The increase in the peritoneal macrophage number was further augmented by an i.p. injection of N-CWS. Peritoneal macrophages of D66-bearing mice exhibited apparent tumoricidal activity against MM48 tumor cells in the presence of lipopolysaccharide, and the cytotoxicity was significantly augmented by i.p. injection of N-CWS. On the other hand, the responsiveness of peritoneal macrophages to lipopolysaccharide was found to be poor in A23-bearing mice and the tumoricidal activity was only weakly augmented by N-CWS. These results strongly suggest that M-CSF plays an important role not only in the maturation of macrophage progenitors but also in the induction and the accumulation of activated macrophages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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