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PLoS One. 2015 Oct 8;10(10):e0140271. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140271. eCollection 2015.

Development, Validation and Deployment of a Real Time 30 Day Hospital Readmission Risk Assessment Tool in the Maine Healthcare Information Exchange.

Author information

1
Departments of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America.
2
HBI Solutions Inc., Palo Alto, California, United States of America.
3
Departments of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America.
4
Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
5
HealthInfoNet, Portland, Maine, United States of America.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Identifying patients at risk of a 30-day readmission can help providers design interventions, and provide targeted care to improve clinical effectiveness. This study developed a risk model to predict a 30-day inpatient hospital readmission for patients in Maine, across all payers, all diseases and all demographic groups.

METHODS:

Our objective was to develop a model to determine the risk for inpatient hospital readmission within 30 days post discharge. All patients within the Maine Health Information Exchange (HIE) system were included. The model was retrospectively developed on inpatient encounters between January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012 from 24 randomly chosen hospitals, and then prospectively validated on inpatient encounters from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013 using all HIE patients.

RESULTS:

A risk assessment tool partitioned the entire HIE population into subgroups that corresponded to probability of hospital readmission as determined by a corresponding positive predictive value (PPV). An overall model c-statistic of 0.72 was achieved. The total 30-day readmission rates in low (score of 0-30), intermediate (score of 30-70) and high (score of 70-100) risk groupings were 8.67%, 24.10% and 74.10%, respectively. A time to event analysis revealed the higher risk groups readmitted to a hospital earlier than the lower risk groups. Six high-risk patient subgroup patterns were revealed through unsupervised clustering. Our model was successfully integrated into the statewide HIE to identify patient readmission risk upon admission and daily during hospitalization or for 30 days subsequently, providing daily risk score updates.

CONCLUSIONS:

The risk model was validated as an effective tool for predicting 30-day readmissions for patients across all payer, disease and demographic groups within the Maine HIE. Exposing the key clinical, demographic and utilization profiles driving each patient's risk of readmission score may be useful to providers in developing individualized post discharge care plans.

PMID:
26448562
PMCID:
PMC4598005
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0140271
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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