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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Oct 28;7(42):23545-53. doi: 10.1021/acsami.5b06682. Epub 2015 Oct 15.

Physically Cross-linked Polymer Binder Induced by Reversible Acid-Base Interaction for High-Performance Silicon Composite Anodes.

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Advanced Batteries Research Center, Korea Electronics Technology Institute , Bundang-gu, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do 463-816, Korea.


Silicon is greatly promising for high-capacity anode materials in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to their exceptionally high theoretical capacity. However, it has a big challenge of severe volume changes during charge and discharge, resulting in substantial deterioration of the electrode and restricting its practical application. This conflict requires a novel binder system enabling reliable cyclability to hold silicon particles without severe disintegration of the electrode. Here, a physically cross-linked polymer binder induced by reversible acid-base interaction is reported for high performance silicon-anodes. Chemical cross-linking of polymer binders, mainly based on acidic polymers including poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), have been suggested as effective ways to accommodate the volume expansion of Si-based electrodes. Unlike the common chemical cross-linking, which causes a gradual and nonreversible fracturing of the cross-linked network, a physically cross-linked binder based on PAA-PBI (poly(benzimidazole)) efficiently holds the Si particles even after the large volume changes due to its ability to reversibly reconstruct ionic bonds. The PBI-containing binder, PAA-PBI-2, exhibited large capacity (1376.7 mAh g(-1)), high Coulombic efficiency (99.1%) and excellent cyclability (751.0 mAh g(-1) after 100 cycles). This simple yet efficient method is promising to solve the failures relating with pulverization and isolation from the severe volume changes of the Si electrode, and advance the realization of high-capacity LIBs.


high capacity anode; physically cross-linked binder; poly(acrylic acid); poly(benzimidazole); reversible binder; silicon


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