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Aging Ment Health. 2017 Feb;21(2):156-162. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2015.1093602. Epub 2015 Oct 7.

Effect of music care on depression and behavioral problems in elderly people with dementia in Taiwan: a quasi-experimental, longitudinal study.

Author information

1
a Department of Nursing , Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital Tainan Branch , Tainan City , R.O.C.
2
b Department of Environmental Engineering , Kun Shan University , Tainan City , R.O.C.
3
c Department of Senior Citizen Services , National Tainan Junior College of Nursing , Tainan City , R.O.C.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose was to examine the effectiveness of music care on cognitive function, depression, and behavioral problems among elderly people with dementia in long-term care facilities in Taiwan.

METHODS:

The study had a quasi-experimental, longitudinal research design and used two groups of subjects. Subjects were not randomly assigned to experimental group (n = 90) or comparison group (n = 56). Based on Bandura's social cognition theory, subjects in the experimental group received Kagayashiki music care (KMC) twice per week for 24 weeks. Subjects in the comparison group were provided with activities as usual.

RESULTS:

Results found, using the control score of the Clifton Assessment Procedures for the Elderly Behavior Rating Scale (baseline) and time of attending KMC activities as a covariate, the two groups of subjects had statistically significant differences in the mini-mental state examination (MMSE). Results also showed that, using the control score of the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (baseline) and MMSE (baseline) as a covariate, the two groups of subjects had statistically significant differences in the Clifton Assessment Procedures for the Elderly Behavior Rating Scale.

CONCLUSION:

These findings provide information for staff caregivers in long-term care facilities to develop a non-invasive care model for elderly people with dementia to deal with depression, anxiety, and behavioral problems.

KEYWORDS:

behavioral problems; dementia; depression; elders; music care

PMID:
26443002
DOI:
10.1080/13607863.2015.1093602
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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