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Annu Rev Physiol. 2016;78:277-99. doi: 10.1146/annurev-physiol-021115-105439. Epub 2015 Oct 6.

Enteroendocrine Cells: Chemosensors in the Intestinal Epithelium.

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1
Metabolic Research Laboratories and MRC Metabolic Diseases Unit, Wellcome Trust-MRC Institute of Metabolic Science, and Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, United Kingdom; email: fmg23@cam.ac.uk , fr222@cam.ac.uk.

Abstract

The enteroendocrine system orchestrates how the body responds to the ingestion of foods, employing a diversity of hormones to fine-tune a wide range of physiological responses both within and outside the gut. Recent interest in gut hormones has surged with the realization that they modulate glucose tolerance and food intake through a variety of mechanisms, and such hormones are therefore excellent therapeutic candidates for the treatment of diabetes and obesity. Characterizing the roles and functions of different enteroendocrine cells is an essential step in understanding the physiology, pathophysiology, and therapeutics of the gut-brain-pancreas axis.

KEYWORDS:

appetite; chemosensation; diabetes; enteroendocrine cell; glucose homeostasis

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