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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Oct 21;7(41):23205-15. doi: 10.1021/acsami.5b07044. Epub 2015 Oct 12.

Vanadium Nitride Nanowire Supported SnS2 Nanosheets with High Reversible Capacity as Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries.

Author information

1
KLGHEI of Environment and Energy Chemistry, MOE of the Key Laboratory of Bioinorganic and Synthetic Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

The vulnerable restacking problem of tin disulfide (SnS2) usually leads to poor initial reversible capacity and poor cyclic stability, which hinders its practical application as lithium ion battery anode (LIB). In this work, we demonstrated an effective strategy to improve the first reversible capacity and lithium storage properties of SnS2 by growing SnS2 nanosheets on porous flexible vanadium nitride (VN) substrates. When evaluating lithium-storage properties, the three-dimensional (3D) porous VN coated SnS2 nanosheets (denoted as CC-VN@SnS2) yield a high reversible capacity of 75% with high specific capacity of about 819 mAh g(-1) at a current density of 0.65 A g(-1). Remarkable cyclic stability capacity of 791 mAh g(-1) after 100 cycles with excellent capacity retention of 97% was also achieved. Furthermore, discharge capacity as high as 349 mAh g(-1) is still retained after 70 cycles even at a elevated current density of 13 A g(-1). The excellent performance was due to the conductive flexible VN substrate support, which provides short Li-ion and electron pathways, accommodates large volume variation, contributes to the capacity, and provides mechanical stability, which allows the electrode to maintain its structural stability.

KEYWORDS:

anode; lithium ion batteries; reversible capacity; tin disulfide; vanadium nitride

PMID:
26439604
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.5b07044

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