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Liver Int. 2016 Jan;36(1):5-20. doi: 10.1111/liv.12975. Epub 2015 Nov 5.

Natural antioxidants for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: molecular targets and clinical perspectives.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology, Ospedale di Acireale, Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale di Catania, Catania, Italy.
2
Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
3
The Liver Unit, Gastroenterology Department, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.
4
School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Abstract

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the progressive form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is emerging as a main health problem in industrialized countries. Lifestyle modifications are effective in the treatment of NAFLD; however, the long-term compliance is low. Therefore, several pharmacological treatments have been proposed but none has shown significant efficacy or long-term safety. Natural polyphenols are a heterogeneous class of polyphenolic compounds contained in vegetables, which are being proposed for the treatment of different metabolic disorders. Although the beneficial effect of these compounds has traditionally related to their antioxidant properties, they also exert several beneficial effects on hepatic and extra-hepatic glucose and lipid homeostasis. Furthermore, natural polyphenols exert antifibrogenic and antitumoural effects in animal models, which appear relevant from a clinical point of view because of the association of NASH with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Several polyphenols, such anthocyanins, curcumin and resveratrol and those present in coffee, tea, soy are available in the diet and their consumption can be proposed as part of a healthy diet for the treatment of NAFLD. Other phenolic compounds, such as silymarin, are commonly consumed worldwide as nutraceuticals or food supplements. Natural antioxidants are reported to have beneficial effects in preclinical models of NAFLD and in pilot clinical trials, and thus need clinical evaluation. In this review, we summarize the existing evidence regarding the potential role of natural antioxidants in the treatment of NAFLD and examine possible future clinical applications.

KEYWORDS:

NASH; fibrosis; nutraceuticals; oxidative stress; polyphenols

PMID:
26436447
DOI:
10.1111/liv.12975
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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