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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2016 Jan;132(1):55-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2015.07.004. Epub 2015 Sep 21.

Socio-structural and behavioral risk factors associated with trafficked history of female bar/spa entertainers in the sex trade in the Philippines.

Author information

1
Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. Electronic address: lurada@ucsd.edu.
2
School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
3
Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
4
Department of Behavioral Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore factors associated with trafficking (deceptive/coercive entry to sex trade) among female bar/spa entertainers who traded sex in the Philippines.

METHOD:

Female bar/spa entertainers who traded sex in the past 6months were recruited from 25bar/spa venues in Metro Manila (April 2009-January 2010) and assessed via cross-sectional survey data collection for HIV-risk-related socio-structural factors associated with deceptive/coercive entry into the sex trade. The study employed hierarchical linear modeling.

RESULTS:

Of 166bar/spa entertainers assessed, 19 (11.4%) reported being deceived/coerced (i.e. trafficked) into their first jobs. Trafficking history was independently associated with current drug use (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.05; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.00-3.97) decreased availability of condoms at venues for entertainers (AOR 0.18; 95% CI 0.05-0.71) and, conversely, increased peer support for practicing safer sex behaviors (AOR 3.08; 95% CI 1.63-5.09). Those deceived/coerced into their positions were more likely than non-trafficked women to have been recruited by an agency who came to their rural province (AOR 12.07; 95% CI 1.77-82.25) as opposed to getting the job from advertisement (AOR 0.10; 95% CI 0.02-0.65) or a friend/acquaintance (AOR 0.02; 95% CI 0.00-0.48).

CONCLUSION:

The findings have implications for designing interventions to prevent and target trafficked women in the Philippines who may be more vulnerable to substance use and, potentially, HIV infection.

KEYWORDS:

HIV/AIDS; Sex work; Sexually transmitted infections; Socio-structural factors; Trafficking

PMID:
26434671
PMCID:
PMC4715926
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijgo.2015.07.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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