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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1989 Feb 9;1010(2):191-8.

Polyphosphate synthesis in yeast.

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Sylvius Laboratories, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Leiden, The Netherlands.


Polyphosphate synthesis was studied in phosphate-starved cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces marxianus. Incubation of these yeasts for a short time with phosphate and either glucose or ethanol resulted in the formation of polyphosphate with a short chain length. With increasing incubation times, polyphosphates with longer chain lengths were formed. Polyphosphates were synthesized faster during incubation with glucose than with ethanol. Antimycin did not affect the glucose-induced polyphosphate synthesis in either yeast. Using ethanol as an energy source, antimycin A treatment blocked both polyphosphate synthesis and accumulation of orthophosphate in the yeast S. cerevisiae. However, in K. marxianus, polyphosphate synthesis and orthophosphate accumulation proceeded normally in antimycin-treated cells, suggesting that endogenous reserves were used as energy source. This was confirmed in experiments, conducted in the absence of an exogenous energy source.

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