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Am J Psychiatry. 1989 Jan;146(1):56-60.

Effects of behavioral skills training and schedule of nicotine gum administration on smoking cessation.

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Department of Psychiatry, Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 02906.


Eighty-nine smokers were randomly assigned to four nicotine gum treatments for smoking cessation: behavioral treatment plus a fixed schedule of nicotine gum, behavioral treatment plus an ad lib schedule, education plus a fixed schedule, and education plus an ad lib schedule. The four treatment conditions produced similar rates of abstinence (40.9% to 58.3%) at the end of 11 weeks of treatment. However, at 6-month follow-up, the subjects who had received behavioral treatment had a significantly better abstinence rate (36.7%) than those receiving education (17.5%). Nicotine gum schedule had no effect on treatment outcome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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