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Chin J Integr Med. 2015 Sep;21(9):648-55. doi: 10.1007/s11655-015-2305-0. Epub 2015 Oct 3.

Peri-articular lymphatic system and "Bi" theory of Chinese medicine in the pathogenesis and treatment of arthritis.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 200032, China.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Urology, and Neurobiology and Anatomy, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.
3
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA. Lianping_xing@urmc.rochester.edu.
4
Center for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA. Lianping_xing@urmc.rochester.edu.
5
Department of Orthopaedics, Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 200032, China. yjwang88@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) are the two most common joint diseases, and they have characterization of synovial inflammation and cartilage destruction, associated with the accumulation of numerous catabolic mediators and inflammatory cells in the synovial space and surrounding soft tissues. How these factors are cleared and if the "clearance" process contributes to pathogenesis of arthritis are not known. Recently, we found the existence of the peri-articular lymphatic system in mouse joints. The blockade of lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic draining function accelerates while stimulation of lymphatic function attenuates the severity of joint tissue lesions in mouse models of RA and OA. More importantly, we noticed the similarity between the dysfunction of lymphatic drainage in arthritic joints and "Bi" theory of Chinese medicine (CM), and demonstrated that several Bi disease-treated herbal drugs directly affect the function of lymphatic endothelial cells. Here we review the advances about the interactions between joint inflammation and changes in the peri-articular lymphatic system and discuss our view of linking "Bi" theory of CM to lymphatic dysfunction in arthritis.

KEYWORDS:

Bi disease; Chinese medicine; lymphatic system; osteoarthritis; rheumatoid arthritis

PMID:
26432788
PMCID:
PMC4960291
DOI:
10.1007/s11655-015-2305-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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