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J Nutr Biochem. 2015 Dec;26(12):1660-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2015.08.010. Epub 2015 Aug 20.

Quercetin induces hepatic γ-glutamyl hydrolase expression in rats by suppressing hepatic microRNA rno-miR-125b-3p.

Author information

1
Institute of Animal Nutrition & Physiology, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Hermann-Rodewald-Str. 9, 24118 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: wein@aninut.uni-kiel.de.
2
Department of Clinical Medicine, Sapienza University, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: alessandro.laviano@uniroma1.it.
3
Institute of Animal Nutrition & Physiology, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Hermann-Rodewald-Str. 9, 24118 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: wolffram@aninut.uni-kiel.de.

Abstract

Exogenous factors such as food components including the flavonoid quercetin are suspected to influence micro RNA (miRNA) concentrations and thus possibly target enzymes involved in xenobiotic metabolism. This study therefore investigates the influence of orally administered quercetin on hepatic miRNA and the identification of enzyme target mRNAs relevant in drug metabolism. Male Wistar rats (n=16) were fed either a diet without (C) or with (Q) the addition of 100-ppm quercetin for 7 weeks and subsequently euthanized at the end of the dark phase. To avoid strong effects of food deprivation on hepatic metabolism, food was not removed until 5 h prior to the procedure. Liver was immediately dissected and snap-frozen in liquid nitrogen. Concentrations of 352 hepatic miRNA were measured in pool samples of each dietary group (n=8) using the RT(2) miRNA PCR Array System. Differential expression of miRNAs was assumed with fold changes ≥3. Target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were identified using the database TargetScan. Because rno-miR-125b-3p showed the most prominent fold-change (-9) we further analyzed the expression of its top predicted target gene gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH) by quantitative real-time PCR using hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase 1 (hprt1) as endogenous control. Compared to controls, 23 miRNAs were differentially expressed in rats fed quercetin. A ninefold reduction in hepatic miRNA rno-miR-125b-3p was paralleled by significant induction of GGH mRNA in liver of quercetin fed rats. Because increased GGH expressions were repeatedly associated with resistance to methotrexate, concomitant intake with quercetin should be monitored carefully.

KEYWORDS:

Gamma-glutamyl hydrolase; Methotrexate; MicroRNA; Quantitative real-time PCR; Quercetin; Rat

PMID:
26432773
DOI:
10.1016/j.jnutbio.2015.08.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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