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Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2015 Oct;60(5):377-92. doi: 10.1016/j.anplas.2015.07.011. Epub 2015 Oct 1.

[Facial palsy sequel and botulinum toxin].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service de chirurgie maxillofaciale, hôpital Paris Saint-Joseph, 185, rue Raymond-Losserand, 75014 Paris, France. Electronic address: lbenichou@hpsj.fr.
2
4, place Fontette, 14000 Caen, France.
3
59, rue Spontini, 75116 Paris, France.
4
Service de chirurgie plastique, reconstructrice et esthétique, CHRU de Lille, 2, avenue Oscar-Lambret, 59000 Lille, France.

Abstract

Medical treatment of facial paralysis sequel is an essential part of the overall management of this pathology. The use of botulinum toxin has revolutionized results in greatly improving facial symmetry. The toxin can be used either the healthy side of the face by treating the compensatory hyperactivity of non-paralyzed side of the face or the paralyzed side (in the spastic forms) to treat synkinesis and spasms of the face on the pathologic side. This treatment course will be complemented by the rest of the therapeutic, i.e. rehabilitation and surgical treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Botulinum toxin; Co-contraction; Facial paralysis; Hyperactivity; Hyperactivité; Paralysie faciale; Spasm; Spasme; Syncinésie; Synkinesis; Toxine botulique; Traitement; Treatment

PMID:
26432177
DOI:
10.1016/j.anplas.2015.07.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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