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PLoS One. 2015 Oct 2;10(10):e0139337. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139337. eCollection 2015.

Validation of a Malay Version of the Smartphone Addiction Scale among Medical Students in Malaysia.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia; Malaysian Research Institute on Ageing, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia.
2
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Malaya Centre of Addiction Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
3
Malaysian Research Institute on Ageing, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia.
4
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

This study was initiated to determine the psychometric properties of the Smart Phone Addiction Scale (SAS) by translating and validating this scale into the Malay language (SAS-M), which is the main language spoken in Malaysia. This study can distinguish smart phone and internet addiction among multi-ethnic Malaysian medical students. In addition, the reliability and validity of the SAS was also demonstrated.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 228 participants were selected between August 2014 and September 2014 to complete a set of questionnaires, including the SAS and the modified Kimberly Young Internet addiction test (IAT) in the Malay language.

RESULTS:

There were 99 males and 129 females with ages ranging from 19 to 22 years old (21.7±1.1) included in this study. Descriptive and factor analyses, intra-class coefficients, t-tests and correlation analyses were conducted to verify the reliability and validity of the SAS. Bartlett's test of sphericity was significant (p <0.01), and the Kaiser-Mayer-Olkin measure of sampling adequacy for the SAS-M was 0.92, indicating meritoriously that the factor analysis was appropriate. The internal consistency and concurrent validity of the SAS-M were verified (Cronbach's alpha = 0.94). All of the subscales of the SAS-M, except for positive anticipation, were significantly related to the Malay version of the IAT.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study developed the first smart phone addiction scale among medical students. This scale was shown to be reliable and valid in the Malay language.

PMID:
26431511
PMCID:
PMC4592235
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0139337
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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