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J Marriage Fam. 2015 Jun;77(3):662-679. Epub 2015 Apr 28.

The Production of Inequality: The Gender Division of Labor Across the Transition to Parenthood.

Author information

1
Department of Sociology, The Ohio State University, 200 Townshend Hall, 1885 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 ( yavorsky.3@osu.edu ).
2
Department of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University, 151E Campbell Hall, 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210.
3
Department of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University, 131 Campbell Hall, 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210.

Abstract

Using longitudinal time diary and survey data from a community sample of dual-earner couples across the transition to parenthood, the authors examined change in divisions of paid and unpaid work and assessed the accuracy of survey data for time use measurement. Mothers, according to the time diaries, shouldered the majority of child care and did not decrease their paid work hours. Furthermore, the gender gap was not present prebirth but emerged postbirth with women doing more than 2 hours of additional work per day compared to an additional 40 minutes for men. Moreover, the birth of a child magnified parents' overestimations of work in the survey data, and had the authors relied only on survey data, gender work inequalities would not have been apparent. The findings have important implications for (a) the state of the gender revolution among couples well positioned to obtained balanced workloads and (b) the utility of survey data to measure parents' division of labor.

KEYWORDS:

fatherhood; gender; inequality; infants; motherhood; parent involvement

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