Send to

Choose Destination
Hellenic J Cardiol. 2015 Sep-Oct;56(5):406-13.

Effect of Long-Term TNF-α Inhibition with Infliximab on Left Ventricular Torsion in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Author information

Department of Internal Medicine, Diskapi Education and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.



We evaluated the impact of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibition on left ventricular torsion (LVtor) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE).


Thirty-eight RA patients without cardiovascular disease and 30 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. Twenty patients received infliximab, a monoclonal antibody against TNF-α, and 18 patients received increasing doses of prednisolone for 180 days. Global systolic longitudinal strain (G-LS), global systolic radial strain (G-RS) and global systolic circumferential strain (G-CS) were determined by STE. LV basal and apical rotations from the base and apex were obtained and used for calculation of LVtor. Pre-treatment LVtor levels were compared with LVtor levels after therapy in both treatment groups.


RA patients had lower G-LS (-16.5 ± 2.9; p<0.01), G-RS (37.6 ± 1.5; p<0.01) and higher GCS (-23.6 ± 3.5; p=0.04) compared with control subjects (-20.0 ± 2.8, 40.7 ± 4.8, -22.4 ± 2.5, respectively; p<0.01). LVtor levels were significantly higher in RA patients compared to controls (16.4 ± 2.7 vs. 15.1 ± 2.5; p=0.04), which might be attributed to higher values of apical rotation (9.7 ± 2.4 vs. 8.8 ± 2.3; p=0.01). Patients treated with infliximab experienced a significant decrease in LVtor (p=0.04), and a significant increase in G-LS (p<0.01) and G-RS (p<0.01). No significant changes were observed among patients treated with prednisolone. Percentage changes in LVtor were correlated with percent changes in C-reactive protein CRP (r=0.58; p<0.01), disease activity score (r=0.78; p<0.01), and G-LS (r=-0.40; p=0.04) in patients treated with infliximab.


RA is characterized by increased LVtor. Long term TNF-α inhibition improves LV longitudinal and radial systolic deformation and decreases LVtor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for The Hellenic Cardiological Society
Loading ...
Support Center