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Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2015;75(8):717-9. doi: 10.3109/00365513.2015.1091092.

Impact of incorrect filling of citrate blood sampling tubes on thromboelastometry.

Author information

1
a Department of Anesthesia , Zurich University Children's Hospital , Zurich , Switzerland.
2
b Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine , Weill Cornell Medical College , New York , NY , USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

ROTEM(®) test results can be affected by the citrate to blood ratio in the tested sample. Overfilling or underfilling specimen tubes can change this ratio.

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to determine the impact of under- and overfilling citrate test tubes on ROTEM(®) EXTEM measurements.

RESULTS:

Overall repeated measures ANOVA demonstrated significant differences of CT (p = 0.004), CFT (p = 0.005), A5 (p = 0.001), A10 (p <0.001), and MCF (p < 0.001). Pairwise comparison revealed that underfilling significantly altered the results of those parameters reflecting functional clot firmness (A5, A10, and MCF), while overfilling led to a prolongation of the CT results only. No differences were observed for alpha angle and maximum lysis.

CONCLUSION:

Both underfilling and overfilling specimen tubes have significant influence on the results of the ROTEM(®) EXTEM test, although the small observed bias is likely of limited clinical relevance. However, it seems prudent to limit the maximum allowed difference in filling to less than ± 10%. All ROTEM(®) operators should be aware of this pre-analytical variable.

KEYWORDS:

Blood coagulation; pediatric anesthesia; point-of-care testing; thromboelastometry

PMID:
26426852
DOI:
10.3109/00365513.2015.1091092
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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