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Malays Fam Physician. 2015 Apr 30;10(1):26-33. eCollection 2015.

Management of pulmonary tuberculosis in health clinics in the Gombak district: How are we doing so far?

Author information

1
Farnaza Ariffin Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selayang Campus, Jalan Prima Selayang 7, 68100 Batu Caves, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Email: farnaza@salam.uitm.edu.my.
2
Zati Sabrina Ahmad Zubaidi Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selayang Campus, Jalan Prima Selayang 7, 68100 Batu Caves, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. beyginet@yahoo.com.
3
Mazapuspavina Md Yasin Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selayang Campus, Jalan Prima Selayang 7, 68100 Batu Caves, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Email: puspavina@yahoo.com.my.
4
Rozlan Ishak Gombak District Health Office, No 23 & 25, Jalan 2/8, Bandar BaruSelayang, Batu Caves, Selangor, Malaysia. Email: ishak.rozlan@gmail.com.

Abstract

This audit report assessed the structure, processes and outcome of the pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) management in adults conducted at eight government health clinics within the high TB burden Gombak district. All newly diagnosed PTB patients from November 2012 to November 2013 were identified from the tuberculosis registry. Patients less than 18 years old, were transferred out or extrapulmonary tuberculosis was excluded from the study. The assessment criteria for PTB were defined according to the latest Malaysian TB clinical practice guidelines (TB CPG) 2012. A total of 117 patients were included in this report and data were extracted and analysed using SPSS version 20.0. The mean age of patients was 40.4 ± 14.4 SD. Majority was men (63.2%). Out of 117 patients, 82.1% were Malaysian citizens and 17.9% were foreigners. Malays were the majority (65%) followed by 7.7% Chinese, 10.3% Indian and 17.1% others. The most common clinical feature was cough (88.0%) followed by loss of weight (58.1%), loss of appetite (57.3%), fever (56.4%), night sweat (30.8%) and haemoptysis (32.5%). Acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear was positive in 94% of cases. Chest X-ray and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening results were available for 89.1 and 82.1% cases respectively. The results for the sputum culture were available in 27.4% of patients and 54.7% were documented as done but pending results. The clinics have a successful directly observed therapy (DOT) program with 94.0% patients documented under DOT. Out of 53 patients on maintenance phase, 47.2% were identified as cured. Cure rate for those completed treatment was 100%. The defaulter rate was 17.1%. This audit demonstrated the attempt made by the clinics to adhere to the recommended guidelines. However, improvements are to be made in the documentation of medical records, tracing of investigation results and reduction of the number of defaulters.

KEYWORDS:

Malaysia; Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB); audit; guidelines; management; report

PMID:
26425292
PMCID:
PMC4567890

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