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Curr Hypertens Rep. 2015 Nov;17(11):87. doi: 10.1007/s11906-015-0600-y.

Exercise for Hypertension: A Prescription Update Integrating Existing Recommendations with Emerging Research.

Author information

1
Department of Kinesiology, College of Agriculture, Health, and Natural Resources, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Rd, U-1110, Storrs, CT, 06269-1110, USA. Linda.Pescatello@uconn.edu.
2
Department of Kinesiology, College of Agriculture, Health, and Natural Resources, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Rd, U-1110, Storrs, CT, 06269-1110, USA. Hayley.MacDonald@uconn.edu.
3
Department of Kinesiology, College of Agriculture, Health, and Natural Resources, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Rd, U-1110, Storrs, CT, 06269-1110, USA. Lauren.Lamberti@uconn.edu.
4
Department of Psychological Sciences, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Rd, U-1020, Storrs, CT, 06269-1020, USA. blair.t.johnson@chip.uconn.edu.

Abstract

Hypertension is the most common, costly, and preventable cardiovascular disease risk factor. Numerous professional organizations and committees recommend exercise as initial lifestyle therapy to prevent, treat, and control hypertension. Yet, these recommendations differ in the components of the Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type (FITT) principle of exercise prescription (Ex Rx); the evidence upon which they are based is only of fair methodological quality; and the individual studies upon which they are based generally do not include people with hypertension, which are some of the limitations in this literature. The purposes of this review are to (1) overview the professional exercise recommendations for hypertension in terms of the FITT principle of Ex Rx; (2) discuss new and emerging research related to Ex Rx for hypertension; and (3) present an updated FITT Ex Rx for adults with hypertension that integrates the existing recommendations with this new and emerging research.

KEYWORDS:

Aerobic exercise; Blood pressure; Concurrent exercise; Postexercise hypotension; Prehypertension; Resistance exercise

PMID:
26423529
PMCID:
PMC4589552
DOI:
10.1007/s11906-015-0600-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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