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Acta Biomed. 2015 Sep 14;86(2):137-41.

In children with Hashimoto's thyroiditis the evolution over time of thyroid status may differ according to the different presentation patterns.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric, Gynecological, Microbiological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy. zirillig@gmail.com.

Abstract

AIM:

to report the salient literature news concerning the relationships between thyroid function presenting patterns and subsequent biochemical evolution of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) in pediatric age.

DESIGN:

the most recent reports from pediatric literature concerning biochemical thyroid function patterns at HT presentation and their spontaneous changes over time were analyzed and shortly commented.

RESULTS:

from the analysis of pediatric literature on this theme, it emerges that HT in children may present with a very heterogeneous biochemical picture ranging from overt hypothyroidism to overt hyperthyroidism. The presenting biochemical pattern may also condition its subsequent evolution over time.

CONCLUSIONS:

a) the most common biochemical pattern at HT diagnosis in children is euthyroidism, followed by overt hypothyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) and hyperthyroidism; b) the association with HT negatively affects the evolution over time of SH; c) in the cases with either Turner syndrome or Down syndrome the evolution over time of SH is more severe than in those without these chromosomopathies.

PMID:
26422427
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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