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Langmuir. 2015 Oct 20;31(41):11318-28. doi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b02478. Epub 2015 Oct 7.

pH Responsiveness of Multilayered Films and Membranes Made of Polysaccharides.

Author information

1
3B's Research Group-Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, University of Minho, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine , Avepark-Parque de Ciência e Tecnologia, Zona Industrial da Gandra, 4805-017 Barco GMR, Portugal.
2
ICVS/3B's-PT Government Associate Laboratory , Braga/Guimarães, Portugal.
3
Biomedical Materials Group, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg , Heinrich-Damerow-Strasse 4, 06120 Halle (Saale), Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
4
CNRS , UMR 5628, LMGP, F-38016 Grenoble, France.
5
University Grenoble Alpes , Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble, F-38016 Grenoble, France.

Abstract

We investigated the pH-dependent properties of multilayered films made of chitosan (CHI) and alginate (ALG) and focused on their postassembly response to different pH environments using a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D), swelling studies, ζ potential measurements, and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). In an acidic environment, the multilayers presented lower dissipation values and, consequently, higher moduli when compared with the values obtained for the pH used during the assembly (5.5). When the multilayers were exposed to alkaline environments, the opposite behavior occurred. These results were further corroborated by the ability of this multilayered system to exhibit a reversible swelling-deswelling behavior within the pH range from 3 to 9. The changes in the physicochemical properties of the multilayer system were gradual and different from those of individual solubilized polyelectrolytes. This behavior is related to electrostatic interactions between the ionizable groups combined with hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions. Beyond the pH range of 3-9, the multilayers were stabilized by genipin cross-linking. The multilayered films also became more rigid while the pH responsiveness conferred by the ionizable moieties of the polyelectrolytes was preserved. This work demonstrates the versatility and feasibility of LbL methodology to generate inherently pH stimulus-responsive nanostructured films. Surface functionalization using pH responsiveness endows several biomedical applications with abilities such as drug delivery, diagnostics, microfluidics, biosensing, and biomimetic implantable membranes.

PMID:
26421873
PMCID:
PMC5015704
DOI:
10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b02478
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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