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Leuk Lymphoma. 2016 May;57(5):1104-13. doi: 10.3109/10428194.2015.1096357. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

Clinicopathologic features and outcomes of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma patients with monoclonal IgG or IgA paraprotein expression.

Author information

1
a Department of Hematopathology , The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center , Houston , TX , USA ;
2
b Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma , The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center , Houston , TX , USA ;
3
c Department of Pathology , Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences , Kansas City , MO , USA ;
4
d The University of Texas School of Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences , Houston , TX , USA.

Abstract

Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma secreting IgG or IgA (non-IgM LPL) is rarely seen. Systematic studies of the clinical features and treatment outcomes are lacking in these patients. This study evaluated 17 patients with non-IgM LPL. The paraprotein secreted by these tumors was IgA (n=8; 47%) and IgG (n=9; 53%). The median serum level of paraprotein was 2,475 mg/dl (range=747-5260) for IgA and 2580 mg/dl (range=1900-7100) for IgG. The IgA-LPL group was more likely to present with B symptoms, a high beta2-microglobulin level and extramedullary involvement. Compared with patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM), patients with non-IgM LPL showed similar clinical and pathologic features, but a higher mortality within the first year after diagnosis (p<0.001) and worse overall survival (p=0.024), with no difference in progression-free survival and disease-specific survival. Rituximab alone or rituximab-based therapy was used frequently and was effective as either first-line or salvage therapy.

KEYWORDS:

IgA; IgG; Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma; Waldenström macroglobulinemia; non-IgM; prognosis; treatment

PMID:
26421453
DOI:
10.3109/10428194.2015.1096357
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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