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Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2015 Dec;12(4):397-405. doi: 10.1007/s11904-015-0288-2.

A Review of Recent Literature on Trauma Among Individuals Living with HIV.

Author information

1
Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr., Durham, NC, 27710, USA. sara.legrand@duke.edu.
2
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr., Durham, NC, 27710, USA. sara.legrand@duke.edu.
3
Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr., Durham, NC, 27710, USA. susan.reif@duke.edu.
4
Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr., Durham, NC, 27710, USA. kristin.sullivan@duke.edu.
5
FHI360, 359 Blackwell St., Suite 200, Durham, NC, 27701, USA. kmurray@fhi360.org.
6
Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr., Durham, NC, 27710, USA. morgan.barlow@duke.edu.
7
Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr., Durham, NC, 27710, USA. k.whetten@duke.edu.
8
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 310 Trent Dr., Durham, NC, 27710, USA. k.whetten@duke.edu.
9
Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University, 201 Science Dr, Durham, NC, 27708, USA. k.whetten@duke.edu.

Abstract

Persons living with HIV (PLWH) report disproportionately high levels of exposure to traumatic events in childhood and adulthood. Traumatic experiences are associated with negative health and behavioral outcomes. Current research in this area seeks to further explicate the myriad health effects of trauma on PLWH and the pathways through which trauma operates. In this paper, we review articles published in English between January 2014 and June 2015 that examine traumatic experiences among PLWH, including intimate partner violence (IPV), domestic abuse, child abuse, and other forms of violence. A selection of studies examining trauma among PLWH and its associations with mental health, antiretroviral medication adherence, clinical outcomes, HIV disclosure, and sexual risk behaviors were included. Studies describing trauma coping strategies and interventions were also included. We conclude with recommendations for care of trauma-exposed PLWH and directions for future research.

KEYWORDS:

Adherence; Clinical outcomes; HIV; Mental health; Risk behaviors; Trauma; Trauma-informed care

PMID:
26419376
PMCID:
PMC4837695
DOI:
10.1007/s11904-015-0288-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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