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ACS Nano. 2015 Nov 24;9(11):11225-33. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.5b04821. Epub 2015 Oct 5.

"Egg-Box"-Assisted Fabrication of Porous Carbon with Small Mesopores for High-Rate Electric Double Layer Capacitors.

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State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao Tong University , Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China.


Here we report a method to fabricate porous carbon with small mesopores around 2-4 nm by simple activation of charcoals derived from carbonization of seaweed consisting of microcrystalline domains formed by the "egg-box" model. The existence of mesopores in charcoals leads to a high specific surface area up to 3270 m(2) g(-1), with 95% surface area provided by small mesopores. This special pore structure shows high adaptability when used as electrode materials for an electric double layer capacitor, especially at high charge-discharge rate. The gravimetric capacitance values of the porous carbon are 425 and 210 F g(-1) and volumetric capacitance values are 242 and 120 F cm(-3) in 1 M H2SO4 and 1 M TEA BF4/AN, respectively. The capacitances even remain at 280 F g(-1) (160 F cm(-3)) at 100 A g(-1) and 156 F g(-1) (90 F cm(-3)) at 50 A g(-1) in the aqueous and organic electrolytes, demonstrating excellent high-rate capacitive performance.


egg-box; high-rate performance; porous carbon; small mesopores


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