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Allergy. 2016 Feb;71(2):149-61. doi: 10.1111/all.12774. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

Drug hypersensitivity in children: report from the pediatric task force of the EAACI Drug Allergy Interest Group.

Author information

1
Allergology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
2
Division Environmental Dermatology and Allergology Helmholtz Zentrum München/TUM, Department of Dermatology und AllergologyBiederstein, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.
3
Department of Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey.
4
Pediatric Department, Hospital of Palmanova, A.S.S.5 'Bassa Friulana', Palmanova, UD, Italy.
5
Allergy Unit, Department of Pediatric, Anna Meyer Children's Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
6
Allergy Department, Infanta Leonor University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
7
Division of Pediatric Dermatology, Children's Hospital Auf der Bult, Hannover, Germany.
8
University Children's Hospital of Belgrade, Medical Faculty University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
9
Allergy and Clinical Immunology Unit and Institute for Pediatric Pulmonology and National CF Center, Safra Children's Hospital, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
10
Division of Pediatric Allergy, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
11
Department of ENT and Pediatrics, AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

When questioned, about 10% of the parents report suspected hypersensitivity to at least one drug in their children. However, only a few of these reactions can be confirmed as allergic after a diagnostic workup. There is still a lack of knowledge on drug hypersensitivity (DH) epidemiology, clinical spectrum, and appropriate diagnostic methods particularly in children. Meanwhile, the tools used for DH management in adults are applied also for children. Whereas this appears generally acceptable, some aspects of DH and management differ with age. Most reactions in children are still attributed to betalactams. Some manifestations, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-associated angioedema and serum sickness-like reactions, are more frequent among young patients as compared to adults. Risk factors such as viral infections are particularly frequent in children, making the diagnosis challenging. The practicability and validity of skin test and other diagnostic procedures need further assessment in children. This study presents an up-to-date review on epidemiology, clinical spectrum, diagnostic tools, and current management of DH in children. A new general algorithm for the study of these reactions in children is proposed. Data are presented focusing on reported differences between pediatric and adult patients, also identifying unmet needs to be addressed in further research.

KEYWORDS:

children; drug allergy; drug hypersensitivity; task force report

PMID:
26416157
DOI:
10.1111/all.12774
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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