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Child Abuse Negl. 2015 Dec;50:141-50. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.09.005. Epub 2015 Sep 26.

The impact of intimate partner violence on preschool children's peer problems: An analysis of risk and protective factors.

Author information

1
Centre for Research in Psychology, Behaviour and Achievement, Coventry University, Priory Street, Coventry CV1 5FB, England, UK.

Abstract

It is unclear whether there is variation in the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on child peer problems, and which individual and environmental factors might predict such variation. This study uses data from 7,712 children (3,974, 51.5% boys) aged 4 from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Children were cross-categorized based on exposure to IPV from birth to 3 years, and mother-rated peer problems at age 4, into 4 groups: Resilient, Non-resilient, Vulnerable and Competent. Between-group differences in maternal depression, maternal life events, parenting, attachment, and temperament were analyzed, and these variables were also examined as predictors of group membership. Girls were more likely to be identified as resilient. In contrast to the non-resilient group, resilient boys were less emotional, had more secure attachment to their mothers, more interaction with their mothers' partner, and their mothers reported fewer life events. For girls, the resilient group was less emotional, more sociable, and their mothers reported less depression. Temperament played a stronger role in resilience for girls than boys. There are sex differences in predictors of resilience to IPV within the peer problems outcome domain, which suggests that different approaches to intervention may be needed to foster resilience in boys and girls exposed to IPV.

KEYWORDS:

ALSPAC; Domestic violence; Longitudinal; Pre-school; Resilience

PMID:
26410625
PMCID:
PMC4685964
DOI:
10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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