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Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2015 Sep;121(Pt B):184-9. doi: 10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2015.09.003. Epub 2015 Sep 25.

Metabolites of arachidonic acid and linoleic acid in early stages of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease--A pilot study.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Human Nutrition, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.
2
Department of General, Transplant and Surgery of the Obser, Warszawa, Poland.
3
Department of Biochemistry and Human Nutrition, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. Electronic address: Polandewast@sci.pum.szczecin.pl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a spectrum of liver conditions related to fat infiltration. The role of liver triacylglycerol accumulation in NAFLD is not fully understood.

METHODS:

Twenty-four patients, 12 in the first and 12 in the second stage of NAFLD, were prospectively enrolled in this study. Biochemical parameters and eicosanoids (HETE and HODE) were compared between the first and the second stage of hepatic steatosis and the effect of a 6-month dietary intervention on these parameters was evaluated. Eicosanoid profiles were extracted from 0.5 ml of plasma using solid-phase extraction RP-18 SPE columns. The HPLC separations were performed on a 1260 liquid chromatograph.

RESULTS:

Patients with stage I NAFLD had a significantly higher level of HDL cholesterol and a lower level of 5-HETE. Patients with grade II steatosis had higher concentrations of 9-HODE. Following the six-month dietary intervention, hepatic steatosis resolved completely in all patients. This resulted in a significant decrease in the concentrations of all eicosanoids (LX4, 16-HETE, 13-HODE, 9-HODE, 15-HETE, 12-HETE, 5-oxoETE, 5-HETE) and key biochemical parameters (BMI, insulin, HOMA-IR, liver enzymes).

CONCLUSION:

A significant reduction in the analyzed eicosanoids and a parallel reduction in fatty liver confirmed the usefulness of HETE and HODE in the assessment of NAFLD.

KEYWORDS:

Biochemical parameters; Eicosanoids; Inflammation; Inflammatory mediators; NAFLD

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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