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Psychol Sci. 2015 Nov;26(11):1795-802. doi: 10.1177/0956797615600890. Epub 2015 Sep 25.

The Extravert Advantage: How and When Extraverts Build Rapport With Other People.

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Department of Psychology & Neuroscience
Department of Psychology & Neuroscience Fuqua School of Business, Duke University.


Extraverts are better than introverts at building rapport, but it remains unknown what they do behaviorally to better connect with other individuals. We hypothesized that extraverts mimic more than introverts as a way to build rapport; however, we predicted that this social skillfulness of extraverts emerges only when they are motivated to affiliate. In Study 1, we found that extraversion predicted increased mimicry when an affiliation goal was present, but not when an affiliation goal was absent. In Study 2, we found that mimicry mediates the relationship between extraversion and rapport, but only when an affiliation goal is present. Our findings are the first to identify a behavior that extraverts engage in that helps them build rapport. Furthermore, our studies show that this skillfulness of extraverts emerges only when they are motivated to affiliate, providing evidence in favor of the reward-sensitivity-as-core model of extraversion over the sociability-as-core model of extraversion.


affiliation; behavioral mimicry; extraversion; open data; rapport

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