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Nutrients. 2015 Aug 31;7(9):7298-311. doi: 10.3390/nu7095336.

Patterns of Sweet Taste Liking: A Pilot Study.

Author information

1
Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Domino's Farms, Lobby G, Suite 1500, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA. kasao@uthsc.edu.
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 66 N. Pauline Street, Suite. 633, Memphis, TN 38163, USA. kasao@uthsc.edu.
3
Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Domino's Farms, Lobby G, Suite 1500, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA. mill2259@msu.edu.
4
Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Domino's Farms, Lobby G, Suite 1500, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA. leannarcori@gmail.com.
5
Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, Medical Professional Building, Room D3202, P.O. Box: 5718, 1522 Simpson Road East, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5718, USA. jlumeng@umich.edu.
6
The Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Street, 10th Floor, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. jlumeng@umich.edu.
7
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. jlumeng@umich.edu.
8
Michigan Clinical Research Unit, Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. hanmark@med.umich.edu.
9
Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Domino's Farms, Lobby G, Suite 1500, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA. wherman@med.umich.edu.
10
Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 1000 Wall Street, Room 6108/SPC 5714, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-1912, USA. wherman@med.umich.edu.
11
Michigan Center for Diabetes Translational Research, 1000 Wall Street, Room 6108/SPC 5714, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-1912, USA. wherman@med.umich.edu.

Abstract

Two distinct patterns of sweet taste liking have been described: one showing a peak liking response in the mid-range of sucrose concentrations and the other showing a monotonic liking response at progressively higher sucrose concentrations. Classification of these patterns has been somewhat arbitrary. In this report, we analyzed patterns of sweet taste liking in a pilot study with 26 adults including 14 women and 12 men, 32.6 ± 14.5 years of age with body mass index 26.4 ± 5.1 kg/m² (mean ± SD). Sweet taste liking was measured for 10 levels of sucrose solutions (0.035 M to 1.346 M). Participants rated their liking of each solution using a visual analog scale with 0 indicating strongly disliking and 100 strongly liking. The cluster analysis demonstrated two distinct groups: 13 liked relatively low sucrose concentrations and liked high sucrose concentrations less, and 13 liked high sucrose concentrations greatly. If we use the 0.598 M sucrose solution alone and a cutoff liking score of 50, we can distinguish the two clusters with high sensitivity (100%) and specificity (100%). If validated in additional studies, this simple tool may help us to better understand eating behaviors and the impact of sweet taste liking on nutrition-related disorders.

KEYWORDS:

liking; sucrose; sweet taste; taste

PMID:
26404363
PMCID:
PMC4586531
DOI:
10.3390/nu7095336
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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