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Gac Sanit. 2015 Nov-Dec;29(6):404-11. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.07.013. Epub 2015 Sep 26.

[Gender inequalities in research in public health and epidemiology in Spain (2007-2014)].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, España; Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria (ibs.Granada), Granada, España. Electronic address: mariadelmar.garcia.easp@juntadeandalucia.es.
2
Grupo de Investigación de Salud Pública, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, España; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), España.
3
Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, España; Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria (ibs.Granada), Granada, España.
4
CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), España; Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, España; Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, España; Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau), Barcelona, España.
5
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Madrid, España.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To analyse gender inequalities in research on public health and epidemiology in Spain for the period 2007-2014.

METHOD:

A descriptive study was conducted by sex of leadership positions in the Centre for Biomedical Research Network (CIBER), especially in the subject area of epidemiology and public health (CIBERESP) in 2014; scientific societies of public health (SESPAS) and epidemiology (SEE) 2009-2014; research projects requested (13,320) and financed (4,699), and monetary amounts of calls for Strategic Action in Health (AES), 2007-2013.

RESULTS:

Women were clearly under-represented in positions of leadership and in research excellence in public health (CIBER), with a predominance of men in decision-making positions. Although research projects led by women in AES increased slightly between 2007 and 2013, among proposed projects this figure was less than 50%, with the exception of the public health commission. The gender gap was even greater in funded projects. Projects led by men were more likely to be funded, representing 29% in public health. There was also a persistence of horizontal gender segregation in positions of scientific recognition in the SESPAS and SEE Congresses.

CONCLUSIONS:

The overrepresentation of male leaders in public health research in Spain can be understood as an indicator and a consequence of androcentrism in scientific societies and professional groups. This sexist situation threatens the existence of innovative products and services from a gender perspective that respond to the needs and demands of society as a whole. More women are needed in research incorporating this perspective.

KEYWORDS:

Desigualdades; Epidemiology; Epidemiología; España; Gender; Género; Inequalities; Investigación; Public health; Research; Salud pública; Spain

PMID:
26404162
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.07.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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