Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Alzheimers Dis. 2015;47(1):137-48. doi: 10.3233/JAD-142589.

APOE-ɛ4 Carrier Status and Donepezil Response in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous studies have investigated associations between apolipoprotein E (APOE)-ɛ4 allele status and acetylcholinesterase inhibitor treatment response in patients with Alzheimer's disease. The ability to draw definitive conclusions regarding the effect of APOE-ɛ4 genotype on treatment response has been hindered by inconsistent results among studies and methodological limitations that restrict interpretation of study findings.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether APOE-ɛ4 carrier status influences the magnitude of change in 13-item Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-cog) score associated with acetylcholinesterase inhibitor treatment (i.e., donepezil).

METHODS:

Analyses were performed using pooled data from the donepezil and placebo treatment arms of three consecutive, similarly designed, 12-week, multi-national, randomized clinical studies that enrolled patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease. Correlations between APOE-ɛ4 carrier status and ADAS-cog scores were evaluated using analysis of covariance.

RESULTS:

No appreciable interaction between donepezil response and APOE-ɛ4 carrier status or copy number was detected. Both carriers and non-carriers of APOE-ɛ4 who received donepezil experienced significant improvements from baseline in ADAS-cog score versus placebo (p <  0.05). Change from baseline to final observation in the donepezil treatment group was - 2.95 for APOE-ɛ4 carriers and - 4.09 for non-carriers (p = 0.23). In contrast, non-carriers of APOE-ɛ4 in the placebo treatment group exhibited a greater improvement from baseline versus carriers (-2.38 versus - 0.60, p = 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Within this population, APOE genotype had no statistically significant effect on cognitive response to donepezil treatment; however, APOE-ɛ4 allele status was associated with a difference in the magnitude of the change in ADAS-cog of placebo-treated patients.

KEYWORDS:

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors; apolipoprotein E; genotype; placebo effect; treatment efficacy

PMID:
26402762
PMCID:
PMC4923746
DOI:
10.3233/JAD-142589
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for IOS Press Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center