Send to

Choose Destination
Public Health Action. 2014 Dec 21;4(4):222-5. doi: 10.5588/pha.14.0081.

Symptom reporting among prevalent tuberculosis cases who smoke, are HIV-positive or have hyperglycaemia.

Author information

Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.
South African Centre for Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis, University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa.
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
ZAMBART Project, University of Zambia Ridgeway Campus, Lusaka, Zambia.


in English, French, Spanish

Data from a tuberculosis (TB) prevalence survey conducted in 24 communities in Zambia and the Western Cape, South Africa, January-December 2010, were analysed to determine the influence of smoking, hyperglycaemia and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on TB symptom reporting in culture-confirmed TB cases. Of 123 790 adults eligible for enrolment, 90 601 (73%) consented and 64 463 had evaluable sputum samples. ORs and 95%CIs were calculated using a robust standard errors logistic regression model adjusting for clustering at community level. HIV-positive TB cases were more likely to report cough, weight loss, night sweats and chest pain than non-HIV-positive TB cases. TB cases who smoked or had hyperglycaemia did not report symptoms differently from cases without these comorbidities.


case finding; comorbidities; screening

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center