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J AOAC Int. 2015 Nov-Dec;98(6):1745-51. doi: 10.5740/jaoacint.14-216. Epub 2015 Sep 22.

Determination of Nine Fungicides in Grape and Wine Using QuEChERS Extraction and LC/MS/MS Analysis.


An analytic procedure was developed for the determination of the fungicides ametoctradin, boscalid, cyazofamid, dimethomorph, fenhexamid, kresoxim-methyl, mepanipyrim, metrafenone, and pyraclostrobin in grape and wine. A modified QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) procedure was used for the extraction. Analysis of the extract was performed by LC/triple quadrupole-MS/MS. A Poroshell 120 EC-C18 column was used with a programmed gradient mobile phase consisting of (A) acetonitrile containing 0.1% formic acid and (B) water containing 0.1% formic acid and 2 mM ammonium formate. The acceptance criteria for the method were those proposed in the SANCO guide. The method was linear for the range of concentration studied (5-100 μg/L), and R2 values were higher than 0.998 and RSD values below 18%. Recovery was over 73.2% in grape and 76.7% in wines, and there was no case of more than 100% recovery. The recovery RSDs in reproducibility conditions were below 17.13% in grape and 15.6% in wines.

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