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Nat Commun. 2015 Sep 24;6:8195. doi: 10.1038/ncomms9195.

High charge mobility in two-dimensional percolative networks of PbSe quantum dots connected by atomic bonds.

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Optoelectronic Materials Section, Department of Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands.
Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CJ Delft, The Netherlands.
Institut d'Electronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie (IEMN), CNRS, UMR 8520, Département ISEN, 41 bd Vauban, 59046 Lille Cedex, France.
Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, University of Utrecht, Princetonplein 1, 3584 CC Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Two-dimensional networks of quantum dots connected by atomic bonds have an electronic structure that is distinct from that of arrays of quantum dots coupled by ligand molecules. We prepared atomically coherent two-dimensional percolative networks of PbSe quantum dots connected via atomic bonds. Here, we show that photoexcitation leads to generation of free charges that eventually decay via trapping. The charge mobility probed with an AC electric field increases with frequency from 150 ± 15 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) at 0.2 terahertz to 260 ± 15 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) at 0.6 terahertz. Gated four-probe measurements yield a DC electron mobility of 13 ± 2 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1). The terahertz mobilities are much higher than for arrays of quantum dots coupled via surface ligands and are similar to the highest DC mobilities reported for PbSe nanowires. The terahertz mobility increases only slightly with temperature in the range of 15-290 K. The extent of straight segments in the two-dimensional percolative networks limits the mobility, rather than charge scattering by phonons.

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