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Inorg Chem. 2015 Oct 5;54(19):9626-36. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b01722. Epub 2015 Sep 23.

A monofunctional platinum complex coordinated to a rhodium metalloinsertor selectively binds mismatched DNA in the minor groove.

Author information

1
Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, California 91125, United States.

Abstract

We report the synthesis and characterization of a bimetallic complex derived from a new family of potent and selective metalloinsertors containing an unusual Rh-O axial coordination. This complex incorporates a monofunctional platinum center containing only one labile site for coordination to DNA, rather than two, and coordinates DNA nonclassically through adduct formation in the minor groove. This conjugate displays bifunctional, interdependent binding of mismatched DNA via metalloinsertion at a mismatch as well as covalent platinum binding. DNA sequencing experiments revealed that the preferred site of platinum coordination is not the traditional N7-guanine site in the major groove, but rather N3-adenine in the minor groove. The complex also displays enhanced cytotoxicity in mismatch repair-deficient and mismatch repair-proficient human colorectal carcinoma cell lines compared to the chemotherapeutic cisplatin, and it triggers cell death via an apoptotic pathway, rather than the necrotic pathway induced by rhodium metalloinsertors.

PMID:
26397309
PMCID:
PMC4618505
DOI:
10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b01722
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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