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Carlsberg Res Commun. 1989;54(5):165-71.

Inactivation of carboxypeptidase Y by mutational removal of the putative essential histidyl residue.

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Department of Chemistry, Carlsberg Laboratory, Copenhagen Valby.


Carboxypeptidase Y is a serine carboxypeptidase assumed to contain a catalytic triad similar to the serine endopeptidases. On the basis of the homology between various serine carboxypeptidases His-397 is suspected to be part of the catalytic triad. To test this it was exchanged with Ala and Arg by site-directed mutagenesis of the cloned PRC1 gene. The catalytic efficiency of the mutant enzymes were reduced by a factor of 2 X 10(4) and 7 X 10(2), respectively, confirming the key role of His-397 in catalysis. Treatment of Ala-397-CPD-Y with Hg++ or CNBr, hence modifying Cys-341 located in the vicinity of the active site abolished the residual activity of the enzyme, indicating an additional involvement of this residue in catalysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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