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Radiat Oncol. 2015 Sep 23;10:203. doi: 10.1186/s13014-015-0505-6.

Definitive hypofractionated radiotherapy for early glottic carcinoma: experience of 55Gy in 20 fractions.

Author information

1
Department Of Clinical Oncology, St. James's Institute of Oncology, Level 4, Bexley Wing, Beckett Street, Leeds, West Yorkshire, LS9 7TF, UK.
2
Department Of Clinical Oncology, St. James's Institute of Oncology, Level 4, Bexley Wing, Beckett Street, Leeds, West Yorkshire, LS9 7TF, UK. Robin.Prestwich@nhs.net.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

A wide variety of fractionation schedules have been employed for the treatment of early glottic cancer. The aim is to report our 10-year experience of using hypofractionated radiotherapy with 55Gy in 20 fractions at 2.75Gy per fraction.

METHODS:

Patients treated between 2004 and 2013 with definitive radiotherapy to a dose of 55Gy in 20 fractions over 4 weeks for T1/2 N0 squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis were retrospectively identified. Patients with prior therapeutic minor surgery (eg. laser stripping, cordotomy) were included. The probabilities of local control, ultimate local control (including salvage surgery), regional control, cause specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated.

RESULTS:

One hundred thirty-two patients were identified. Median age was 65 years (range 33-89). Median follow up was 72 months (range 7-124). 50 (38 %), 18 (14 %) and 64 (48 %) of patients had T1a, T1b and T2 disease respectively. Five year local control and ultimate local control rates were: overall - 85.6 % and 97.3 % respectively, T1a - 91.8 % and 100 %, T1b - 81.6 and 93.8 %, and T2 - 80.9 % and 95.8 %. Five year regional control, CSS and OS rates were 95.4 %, 95.7 % and 78.8 % respectively. There were no significant associations of covariates (e.g. T-stage, extent of laryngeal extension, histological grade) with local control on univariate analysis. Only increasing age and transglottic extension in T2 disease were significantly associated with overall survival (both p <0.01). Second primary cancers developed in 17 % of patients. 13 (9.8 %) of patients required enteral tube feeding support during radiotherapy; no patients required long term enteral nutrition. One patient required a tracheostomy due to a non-functioning larynx on long term follow up.

CONCLUSIONS:

Hypofractionated radiation therapy with a dose of 55Gy in 20 fractions for early stage glottic cancer provides high rates of local control with acceptable toxicity.

PMID:
26395876
PMCID:
PMC4580345
DOI:
10.1186/s13014-015-0505-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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