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J Family Community Med. 2015 Sep-Dec;22(3):135-9. doi: 10.4103/2230-8229.163025.

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of general practitioners in Dammam, Saudi Arabia towards Vitamin D supplementation to infants.

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1
Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

With the report of high prevalence rate of Vitamin D deficiency in the literature since the 1980s, the condition can be considered an epidemic in Saudi Arabia. However, no specific steps have been taken by the Ministry of Health to tackle the problem. Moreover, little is known about general practitioners' (GPs) knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of Vitamin D supplementation for infants.

OBJECTIVES:

To measure the KAP of GPs, of Vitamin D supplementation for infants in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This was a cross-sectional study of GPs practicing in primary healthcare centers in the Dammam area of Saudi Arabia. All the 110 GPs working in primary health centers (PHCs) in Dammam were invited to participate in the study. Data was collected with the help of a self-administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed using SPSS 20.0. Statistical analysis included descriptive analysis of all the variables, expressed as the mean (standard deviation [SD]) or the median if not normally distributed.

RESULTS:

Ninety-three GPs working in the Dammam area participated in the study. Thirty percent had excellent knowledge of Vitamin D. Ninety two percent had a positive attitude toward Vitamin D supplementation and sixty percent regularly prescribed Vitamin D supplementation for infants.

CONCLUSION:

The majority of GPs had a positive attitude toward Vitamin D supplementation for infants. However, their knowledge and practice need improvement.

KEYWORDS:

Attitude; Vitamin D supplementation; general practitioners; infants; knowledge; practice

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