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Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2016 Oct;16(4):325-35. doi: 10.1007/s12012-015-9342-y.

Triptolide Attenuates Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injuries in Rats by Inducing the Activation of Nrf2/HO-1 Defense Pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, 155 North Nanjing Street, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Geriatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, 155 North Nanjing Street, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of China.
3
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, 155 North Nanjing Street, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of China. gx_qi018@163.com.
4
Department of Geriatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, 155 North Nanjing Street, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of China. gx_qi018@163.com.

Abstract

Triptolide is a bioactive component of Chinese herbal plant Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F that has recently been noted to attenuate hepatic and cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injuries in rodents. To investigate whether triptolide could protect against myocardial I/R injuries, triptolide (25, 50 or 100 μg/kg) was administrated in Wistar rats that underwent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation in this study. Our data showed that triptolide pretreatment could attenuate myocardial infarction, increase the fractional shortening and left ventricular systolic pressure and decrease the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure in ischemic rats. Also, triptolide was noted to inhibit the activities of lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase in I/R rats. Moreover, triptolide administration suppressed macrophage infiltration, inhibited the overproduction of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and malondialdehyde (MDA) in reperfused myocardium tissues and upregulated the activities of antioxidative superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). In addition, nuclear accumulation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and the activity of its downstream target Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in ischemic myocardium tissues were enhanced by triptolide pretreatment. In addition, the HO-1 inhibitor, zinc protoporphyrin-IX, abrograted the cardiac protection mediated by triptolide. Our study reveals a novel cardioprotective effect of triptolide in rats with I/R injuries, wherein the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling was involved.

KEYWORDS:

Inflammation; Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury; Nrf2/HO-1 signaling; Oxidative stress; Triptolide

PMID:
26391895
DOI:
10.1007/s12012-015-9342-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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